Hey people! Chloe here, on contraception. It's important to learn about different options for contraception and to practice safe sex -- both to prevent unwanted pregnancy if you are not ready for children, and to protect against STIs (sexually transmitted infections). Pairing the use of a condom with another form of birth control, such as the pill, can be very effective while practicing safe sex. It's also important to realize that while condoms do a better job of protecting against STIs and of preventing pregnancy, it's not 100%. So please, educate yourselves, and practice safe sex if you choose to have sexual relations! Big thanks to St. Olaf College's Wellness Center and peer educator Payne for this event and information.
Condom Does reduce the risk of contracting STIs. Not always 100% in preventing pregnancy.
Female Condom 99% effective, over the counter. There is a ring at the top that is held by muscles in the vagina. Reduces the risk of STIs. Was actually created for anal sex!
Cervial Cap 86% effective. Stays in for 6 hours after intercourse, can be in for 48 hours max. Shaped like a sailor hat. *Nonoxynal-9 alert.
Diaphragm 94% effective. Covers cervix, blocks uterus. Stays in for 6 hours after, can stay in for 24 hours. Lasts 2 years. *Nonoxynal-9 alert.
Sponge 91% effective. Blocks cervix. Left in place for 6 hours, can be in for 30 hours. Over the counter. *Nonoxynal-9 alert.
Implant 99% effective. Releases progestin. Implant goes in arm. Keeps eggs from leaving ovaries, thickens cervical mucus. Has to be removed after 3 years.
IUD Intrauterine Device. 99% effective. Mirena brand lasts 5 years, Skyla lasts 3 years, and the copper brand can last 12 years. T-shaped plastic device inserted into uterus. Some women have had more problems with pelvic infections or cervical problems.
Shot Depo-Provera shot. 99% effective. Every 3 months. Releases progestin.
Pill 99% effective. There are progestin only or progestin-estrogen types. Must take at the same time every day. There are placebo pills in the package.
Patch 99% effective. Beige/plastic stuck to skin. Sadly, it does not yet come in different skin tones. Releases progestin and estrogen. 3 weeks on, one week off. Cannot use if weight is over 198 pounds.
NuvaRing 99% effective. Flexible ring inserted into vagina. 3 weeks in, one week out. Releases progestin and estrogen. Must dispose of in original packaging.
Posteponement, also known as abstinence. The word "abstinence" is somewhat stigmatized, so posteponement is another word to describe the choice to not be sexually active. Posteponement is not the best word to describe the method of people who are asexual, and we should also recognize that being asexual is A OK and none of our business as long as the person himself or herself is cool with it!
Fertility Awareness Methods
Calendar Method Tracking your ovulation. Days 13-15 are usually around the time of ovulation.
Cervical Mucus Method Tracking the amount/consistency of your cervical mucus.
Temperature Method Use a basal body thermometer to track peak temperatures (which signals ovulation).
*Nonoxynal-9 alert: these include the use of spermicide, which can make you more susceptible to STIs.